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Timber Trade and Environment
68,00 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

In this book, the most important link between trade and environment is tropical timber trade. Timber production is a key determinant of trade in timber products and the most immediate source of timber sector environmental impact. The principle focus of this book is to determine the trade policy effects and impacts of tariff and non-tariff trade barriers to timber trade on the Malaysia s economic growth, using spatial equilibrium model as a tool. Their contribution is much more significant in Environmentally Preferable Products (EPPs) trade, with a share of 45 percent of the world trade and 90 percent of developing countries exports. The key producers in Asia are the Republic of Korea (hereafter Korea ), China, India and Chinese Taipei, while some Southeast Asian countries such as Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand and Indonesia are also actively involved in this industry.The major contribution of this research is the policy simulations to determine the trade and environmental impacts on the Malaysia s economic growth such as impacts on macroeconomic variables or GDP items and reducing trade barriers to timber trade policy and sustainable development.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 27.01.2020
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Islam, Rabiul: Timber Trade and Environment
68,00 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

Erscheinungsdatum: 09/2011, Medium: Taschenbuch, Einband: Kartoniert / Broschiert, Titel: Timber Trade and Environment, Titelzusatz: The impacts of trade barriers on tropical timber trade in Malaysia, Autor: Islam, Rabiul // Siwar, Chamhuri // Mohamad Ismail, Shaharuddin, Verlag: LAP Lambert Acad. Publ., Sprache: Englisch, Rubrik: Wirtschaft // Sonstiges, Seiten: 180, Informationen: Paperback, Gewicht: 284 gr, Verkäufer: averdo

Anbieter: averdo
Stand: 27.01.2020
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FOREST CERTIFICATION
60,70 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

The growing concerns over the last two decades about the environmental and socio-economic impacts of illegal logging and associated trade has led to the development of tools and measures aimed at tackling the problem. One of such global measures is the certification of forest products the requirements of which major importers of tropical timber products mainly from the EU request their suppliers to achieve. With the EU as a major market destination for Ghanaian timber products, most companies in Ghana began implementing certification requirements during the early 2000. However, efforts by these companies have not been successful. In spite of this, very little academic literature exists on why companies' are unable to achieve certification and how this affect forest management and timber export trade in Ghana. This book details current forest management practices, certification implementation and its challenges in Ghana and their implications for forest management and timber export trade. The analysis and recommendations provided should be useful for forest managers, administrators, exporters and importers of Ghanaian timber products.

Anbieter: Dodax AT
Stand: 27.01.2020
Zum Angebot
A survey of stakeholders' opinons regarding FLE...
50,40 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

Multi-stakeholder opinion, whether bias or unbiased forms the core of policy implementation In 2002 the European Commission started the FLEGT (Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade) programme to combat illegal tropical timber from being imported into the European Union. The EU henceforth enters into Voluntary Partnerships Agreements (VPA) with countries exporting tropical timber to control illegal export timber production and trade in their countries. A basic element of this VPA is for timber exporting countries to identify sets of national timber legality standards and legality assurance system through a governance process involving all relevant stakeholders in the country. In December 2006 Ghana formalized its desire to enter into negotiation with the European Union. On 3rd September, 2008, Ghana concluded its negotiations with the European Union on the first ever Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA) on Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade (FLEGT). By June and November, 2009 both Ghana and the European Union have signed and ratified the agreement respectively, this makes Ghana the first country to formally completed FLEGT/VPA negotiations and signed the VPA.

Anbieter: Dodax AT
Stand: 27.01.2020
Zum Angebot
Legal Pluralism, Community Forests and Illegal ...
60,70 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

Due to the rising concerns about tropical deforestation and forest conservation, during the past decade much attention has been put on challenges of legal timber trade and of community-based forest resource management. This has created interests in the reality of complex and multiple legal systems and the specific social context of illegal timber practices. These issues are very important to Cameroon, the largest African exporter of sawn wood, Almost 35% of the export timber come from illegal logging. It is assumed that in assessing the scope of illegal exploitation of timber specific attention should be given both to the formal legal regulations and to informal social norms. This study demonstrates the nature and the role of normative pluralism that exists within the realm of community-based commercial timber production and on how this relates to illegal timber exploitation and trade. It recommends that more attention should be made on increasing the understanding of normative complexity in forestry issues in order to enhance the illegal logging debate, and to improve the development and implementation of timber legality schemes adjustable to community forestry conditions.

Anbieter: Dodax AT
Stand: 27.01.2020
Zum Angebot
FOREST CERTIFICATION
59,00 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

The growing concerns over the last two decades about the environmental and socio-economic impacts of illegal logging and associated trade has led to the development of tools and measures aimed at tackling the problem. One of such global measures is the certification of forest products the requirements of which major importers of tropical timber products mainly from the EU request their suppliers to achieve. With the EU as a major market destination for Ghanaian timber products, most companies in Ghana began implementing certification requirements during the early 2000. However, efforts by these companies have not been successful. In spite of this, very little academic literature exists on why companies' are unable to achieve certification and how this affect forest management and timber export trade in Ghana. This book details current forest management practices, certification implementation and its challenges in Ghana and their implications for forest management and timber export trade. The analysis and recommendations provided should be useful for forest managers, administrators, exporters and importers of Ghanaian timber products.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 27.01.2020
Zum Angebot
A survey of stakeholders' opinons regarding FLE...
49,00 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

Multi-stakeholder opinion, whether bias or unbiased forms the core of policy implementation In 2002 the European Commission started the FLEGT (Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade) programme to combat illegal tropical timber from being imported into the European Union. The EU henceforth enters into Voluntary Partnerships Agreements (VPA) with countries exporting tropical timber to control illegal export timber production and trade in their countries. A basic element of this VPA is for timber exporting countries to identify sets of national timber legality standards and legality assurance system through a governance process involving all relevant stakeholders in the country. In December 2006 Ghana formalized its desire to enter into negotiation with the European Union. On 3rd September, 2008, Ghana concluded its negotiations with the European Union on the first ever Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA) on Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade (FLEGT). By June and November, 2009 both Ghana and the European Union have signed and ratified the agreement respectively, this makes Ghana the first country to formally completed FLEGT/VPA negotiations and signed the VPA.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 27.01.2020
Zum Angebot
Legal Pluralism, Community Forests and Illegal ...
59,00 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

Due to the rising concerns about tropical deforestation and forest conservation, during the past decade much attention has been put on challenges of legal timber trade and of community-based forest resource management. This has created interests in the reality of complex and multiple legal systems and the specific social context of illegal timber practices. These issues are very important to Cameroon, the largest African exporter of sawn wood, Almost 35% of the export timber come from illegal logging. It is assumed that in assessing the scope of illegal exploitation of timber specific attention should be given both to the formal legal regulations and to informal social norms. This study demonstrates the nature and the role of normative pluralism that exists within the realm of community-based commercial timber production and on how this relates to illegal timber exploitation and trade. It recommends that more attention should be made on increasing the understanding of normative complexity in forestry issues in order to enhance the illegal logging debate, and to improve the development and implementation of timber legality schemes adjustable to community forestry conditions.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 27.01.2020
Zum Angebot
United States   Canada Softwood Lumber Dispute
35,00 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! The United States Canada softwood lumber dispute is one of the most significant and enduring trade disputes in modern history. The dispute has had its biggest effect on British Columbia, the major Canadian exporter of softwood lumber to the United States. The heart of the dispute is the claim that the Canadian lumber industry is unfairly subsidized by the federal and provincial governments. Specifically, most timber in Canada is owned by provincial governments. The price charged to harvest the timber (the "stumpage fee") is set administratively rather than through a competitive auction, as is often the practice in the United States. The United States claims that the provision of government timber at below market prices constitutes an unfair subsidy. Under U.S. trade remedy laws, foreign goods benefiting from subsidies can be subject to a countervailing duty tariff to offset the subsidy and bring the price of the product back up to market rates.

Anbieter: Dodax AT
Stand: 27.01.2020
Zum Angebot